Art Deco furniture terry Tynan lamp

Key terms from the history of design: Art Deco furniture

Before we start writing about the Art Deco furniture, let’s classify the style. Let’s start with the time aspect. It goes back to the beginning of the 20th century. So this is a “contemporary” of Cubism, Dadaism, Surrealism, Constructivism, Futurism and Bauhaus.

Like all of these, the Art Deco style was heavily influenced by scientific advances in physics, astronomy, sociology, psychoanalysis, technology, and communication. These styles and the changed way of thinking have a strong impact on furniture design and thus also on people’s lifestyles. Some designers managed that back then. These are the authors of the Art Deco furniture.

Art Deco elements on a spiral staircase in the Vatican

Art deco furniture architecture

Coming from Europe

If we want to classify Art Deco furniture geographically, then we clearly have to start with Europe. More specifically, the movement comes from France. The name also comes from French. It is literally a decorative art.

This decorative movement was born here in the 1920s. Art Deco did not develop in the USA and on other continents until the 1930s.

The Art Deco furniture was part of an overarching movement. It also included architecture, industrial design, as well as decoration and graphics.

At the beginning of the 20th century, design unfolded in Europe

Art deco furniture design

There is a major breakthrough in the way people think and perceive

Art deco furniture visual desk

The function of an emerging object slowly determines its form

Art Deco furniture table

How did this decorative art influence furniture?

Surely you also discovered a certain contradiction. We’re talking about Art Deco and furniture. So is it about equipment that can actually be put to practical use? Surely it does! It is simply about furniture that has a decorative value. The latter is possible due to a few main characteristics.

 Dutch Art Deco lamp

Art deco furniture holland

Modern Art Deco desk that almost belongs to the Bauhaus

Art Deco furniture visual table

These would be:

  • Round shapes and stylized straight lines
  • Geometric shapes and abstract figures
  • Many feminine and animistic forms
  • Constructivist, futuristic and cubist influences
  • Application of architectural principles

The refined metal elements are typical of the Art Deco style

  • Art Deco furniture lamp

Art Deco in graphic design and architecture

Art Deco furniture is our main topic today. But we decided to make small excursions into the areas of graphic design and architecture. These, we believe, will lead to a better understanding of interior design in this style.

Organic forms that unite with simple geometry emphasize the Art Deco character

Art deco furniture tiffany interior design

The decisive turning point is noticeable in all areas of architecture and design

Art Deco furniture visual communication

Strong, garish nuances dominated the graphic design. They were inspired by the theme of speed, but also hiking. The then modern woman was also an important object of Art Deco graphics. Above all, their characteristics such as self-confidence, chic and energy were shown to their best advantage in these images. It was not uncommon for famous people to be portrayed. One of the most distinctive works of Art Deco graphics is Paul Colin’s depiction of Josephine Baker.

A knitted ensemble in Art Deco style

Art Deco furniture visual chairs

The attempts to create a balance between the functional and the aesthetic are characteristic of the style

Art Deco furniture chest of drawers

These attempts succeed in the later Art Deco designer furniture

Art deco furniture bedroom closet

In architecture

In architecture, the Art Deco movement was expressed in a certain type of metal decoration. It occurred in clear geometric forms, which were strongly distinguished against the background of the architecture. Names to remember in this regard are: Frank Llyod Wright (1865-1959), C. F. AnnesleyVoysey (1857-1941), Josef Hoffman (1870-1955), Walter Gropius (1883-1953).

Lights, tiles and mirrors in a distinct Art Deco atmosphere

Art deco furniture interior

Art Deco and Bauhaus furnishings for an optimal working atmosphere

Art Deco furniture interior design

Unmistakable Art Deco lamp with glass finishes 

Art deco furniture tiffany lamp

And now back to the Art Deco furniture

Let us now visualize how everything that has been said so far relates to Art Deco furniture. The character of this is a mixture of sophisticated and innovative. One leaves the organic forms aside and turns to the geometric ones. They are not carved and have sharp corners. The nuances of the Art Deco furniture are bright and there are no patterns. The symmetry has come to the fore. The natural materials and those, which are particularly rare and therefore noble, were also typical for Art Deco furniture.

In Art Deco design, a reduction to the essentials is almost achieved

Art Deco furniture flood armchair

A modern Art Deco kitchen in which you can almost hear the Bauhaus motto “Less is more” 

Art deco furniture kitchen

Somewhat later Art Deco dining room furnishings where the chairs are extremely decorative

Art deco furniture visual dining room