Interesting facts about Dadaism art
Dada means a wooden horse in French. Like this object, this is an art that exists for itself. The movement is only there for play and otherwise has no deeper meaning.
How and from where does Dadaism come from?
Hugo Ball, theater director, and his wife decided to open a literature café.
On the one hand, they wanted to offer their customers the aromatic drink. In addition, they also wanted to support soldiers who previously took part in the war. This is where the Dada movement comes from, which we know today in art history like Dadaism.
Knowing this style is especially important, even if you are interested in contemporary design. Many interior design concepts have drawn inspiration from this, especially when it comes to decoration. This style, like all the others, was also a response to the intellectual crisis that prevailed in Europe during the Second World War.
The famous Cabaret Voltaire, where the first Dadaists met
Poets and musicians gathered in Hugo Ball’s café. A cozy atmosphere was created there and a lot of artists were attracted by it. You represented very many different styles. There were artists of French Cubism, German Expressionism, and Italian Futurism. Thus a completely new movement was formed, but it was influenced by all the styles listed.
Old Dadaism magazines and publications
The writer and poet Tristan Tzara can definitely be described as an informal leader of the movement. Art critics also associate the following names with Dadaism: Jean Arp, Marcelo Janko, Hans Richter and Richard Huelsenbeck. In large part, the movement’s popularity is due to the Dada newspaper. It was spread in many places. Dada, the newspaper of Dadaism, could be found in almost every big city in the world.
The portrait of Tristan Tzara by Robert Delaunay
If you want to describe the philosophy of Dadaism in one sentence, then you can say that you are against the manifestos in principle, but also against the principles themselves. This is almost literally a statement from Tristan Tzara.
The characteristics of Dadaism art
Dadaism has a clear goal. He wanted to destroy systems, methods and directives. Shapes and codes are also something that separates us from one another.
Dadaism is a movement of many terms that begin with the prefix “anti”
Dadaism is ultimately an ideology itself. The complete negation of something is inevitably also a doctrine. In addition, Dadaism is a movement that is contradictory in itself. It contains the ideas of styles and ways of thinking that contradict each other. For example, futurism and expressionism go against some ideas of impressionism and realism.
A DADA collage by Raoul Hausmann
What then unites the art of Dadaism and makes it so clearly distinguishable from everything else to this day? These are the contradictions that exist between these movements. They happen on one level and do not affect Dadaism at all. They concern the question of natural beauty and inner values. In Dadaism, only the representation of the grotesque norms of society plays a role. Dadaism seeks an answer to human stupidity and cruelty. He appreciates the existence of man and objects outside of doctrines and norms. Whether another doctrine emerges from this is actually a great philosophical question. However, this is not the subject of our discussion today.
The human anatomy, the objects that are connected to it and the symbolic representation of systems and doctrines represent exclusively the subjects of Dadaism art.
Hans Richter’s blue man
Shirt front and fork by Jean Arp
The cormorants from Max Ernst
Above the clouds by Max Ernst
Still life by Marcel Janco
The enchanted beach of Salvador Dali
Paul Aluard – the portrait – by Salvador Dali
The Persistence of Time by Salvador Dali