Migraines with aura (also known as classic migraines) are repeated headaches that occur during or after sensory disorders (aura). These disorders can include symptoms such as flashes of light, blind spots, and other changes in vision or tingling in the hand or face. A migraine aura is not dangerous in itself. However, sometimes symptoms of a migraine aura can look and feel like other serious medical conditions, such as: B. like a stroke. Hence, it is advisable to consult a doctor. The triggers and treatment for migraines with aura and migraines without aura are usually the same. You can find out more about this right below …

What are the symptoms of a migraine with aura?

Migraines with aura symptoms blind spots visual changes

What is migraine with aura?

About one in three migraineurs suffers from this type of migraine.


The warning sign is usually a symptom that affects your eyesight, such as: B. blind spots or seeing flashing lights.

Auras can appear either alone or with symptoms of a non-aura migraine headache. The auras usually appear before the headache, which can be severe or light. For some people, the headache does not even occur.

The auras usually appear gradually and last up to an hour.

The auras mostly have to do with eyesight. Language can also be affected. Some people feel disoriented, confused, or may pass out, but this rarely happens.

Vision disorders are the most common

Migraines with aura symptoms vision problems headache

Seeing such zigzag patterns is typical of migraine aura

Migraines with aura symptoms visual disturbances

The most common symptoms related to vision include:

  • blind spots;
  • Seeing colored spots or lines;
  • See flashing or flickering lights;
  • Seeing zigzag patterns;
  • temporary blindness.

Other aura symptoms can include:

  • Numbness or tingling feelings such as pinpricks in parts of the body;
  • Muscle weakness;
  • Dizziness or loss of balance.

As well as colored or blind spots 

Migraines with aura symptoms sensory disturbances visual changes

Subtypes of migraines with aura

The subtypes of the migraine aura include migraines with a brainstem aura, hemiplegic migraines and retinal migraines.

What causes migraines with aura?

It is not known exactly what is causing the aura.

Scientists have looked at this and found that it may be caused by a slow wave of altered brain activity called “cortical spread depression.” This causes temporary changes in chemicals, nerves, and blood flow in the brain that affect how the brain works and could be related to the pain.

A better understanding of how these changes in the brain can lead to headaches will help develop new drugs that could prevent migraines.

Changes lead to headaches in the brain 

Migraine Aura Triggers Symptoms Headache

Treatment options for migraines with aura

Treatment options depend on how common and how severe the seizures are. They also depend on other factors such as: B. from other illnesses you have or from any medication you are taking.

In general, treatment for migraines includes:

Acute treatment: over-the-counter pain relievers, migraine-specific drugs (triptans) and anti-nausea drugs. These treatments are aimed at relieving symptoms when a seizure occurs. However, you need to be careful not to take certain acute treatments too many days a month, as this can lead to medication overuse headaches.

Home remedies for migraines can also be helpful in this case

Acute migraines with aura medication treatment

Preventive treatment: Beta blockers, tricyclic antidepressants, or anti-epileptic drugs. These treatments aim to reduce the frequency and severity of migraines. They are taken daily and increased to an effective dose. Some people have to try a range of treatments or are referred to a specialist if the treatments don’t work for them.

In addition to treatments, many people find it beneficial to see if lifestyle changes can help with their migraines. This may include following a routine, waking up at the same time each day, eating at the same times each day, and drinking enough water. If there are factors, such as alcohol or lack of sleep, that seem to be triggering your migraines, you may be able to do something to reduce the frequency of your attacks.

You can relieve the pain with a cold compress

Acute migraine with aura cold compress treatment

An aura migraine can be so debilitating that it negatively impacts your quality of life. You can feel isolated because the unpredictability of your migraines makes planning social events difficult. Frequent migraines can also affect your work and relationships.

If you have the symptoms mentioned above, visit your family doctor

Visual impairment Headache Migraine Aura Consult a doctor

It is important that you seek the help of a professional. However, there are neurologists who specialize in migraines and headaches. In addition to professional treatment, there are also migraine support groups that can help you with information and advice.

Get rid of the annoying headache!

Migraine Aura Symptoms Headache Triggers

Migraines with aura symptoms headache