The geraniums are among the most popular garden and balcony plants among Germans. From a botanical point of view, these beautiful and long-blooming flowers are called pelargoniums, but people prefer to call them geraniums (geranium, pelargonium). They belong to the large cranesbill family and impress with the variety of their flower colors and shapes. They are often preferred as a colorful decoration for patios, balconies and other outdoor spaces because their natural grace is pleasing to the eyes. In addition, the wonderful flowers have an important plus point – they bloom from May, unfold their full splendor in summer and delight us with their blossoms until the first frost in late autumn. And that’s not all: the geraniums are extremely easy to care for, so that all hobby gardeners and flower lovers can grow them. So that you can also admire the natural charm of these garden beauties for months, we want to present you the most important care tips for your geraniums in a nutshell.
Geraniums adorn the balcony and garden all summer long
The right location, the perfect container and the right soil
If you have decided to care for geraniums at home, we recommend that you choose young plants in the flower shop. It is best to plant them on the day of purchase, because the flowers are sensitive to light. But first choose a suitable location for them – it should be sunny and well protected from the wind.
The geraniums can withstand a lot of sun, but too strong a wind can break their shoots, flowers or leaves. The perfect containers for these flowers are balcony boxes, pots and large tubs that absolutely have a water drainage hole. The earth must be permeable and well-ventilated, because the geraniums do not like waterlogging. In specialist shops you will find ready-fertilized potting soil for geraniums, which would be the best possible. When planting, you have to follow the rule of thumb and leave a space of about 20-30 cm between the individual flowers. The geraniums grow fast and bushy and need this space to develop well.
With us, the geraniums are only used in potting soil after the ice saints – in mid-May
Watering and fertilizing – the nuts and bolts of geranium care
Basically, the geraniums need a lot of water. The rule says you need to water your flowers regularly, but avoid possible waterlogging. Water even twice a day on hot summer days – in the morning and in the evening. It is recommended that you water only a little more often. Do not use cold water, it is not good for the flowers.
The geraniums need regular watering for their good growth and glorious bloom
Pelargoniums are considered to be “heavy consumers”, which means that they remove many nutrients from the potting soil. For this reason, you have to fertilize them regularly, for example once a week during the flowering phase. As already said, you can still use already fertilized soil for the planting and choose a long-term fertilizer. Either way, your plants are well lifted.
The geraniums are considered to be easy-care balcony flowers, but they need regular watering and fertilization
Hibernate, prune and multiply – what should you know about it?
The pelargoniums originally come from South Africa and are used to warm climates. Nevertheless, with proper care, they can survive the freezing German winter well. First you have to remove dry leaves and withered flowers, cut all shoots back to 10 cm and bring them to a bright wintering place. There the temperature should be between 5 and 10 degrees C all winter long. Spray the flower parts with water from time to time to prevent them from drying out. They are only allowed to go outside on a warm spring day. First you have to loosen and reduce the root ball and then replant it. How to have your own geraniums! Otherwise these flowers can easily be propagated by cuttings. You can find out more about this in the following video:
Pelargoniums can hibernate well in a bright place
If you are one of those passionate flower fans, you can find more with us interesting garden design ideas and find inspiration for caring for other garden flowers. Click here and let yourself be surprised!